We have already talked about active and passive voice of present tenses: simple present, present continuous, present perfect and present perfect continuous tense. In the article below we are going to elaborate active and passive voice of simple past tense. All structure for affirmative, interrogative, negative and negative interrogative sentences are given with examples to be useful for ESL learners. In addition, click Active and Passive Voice Complete Rules, you might find this useful too.
Active and Passive Voice of Simple Past Tense
- Active: S + V2 + object + ROTS
Rahat Fateh Ali sang a beautiful song last year.
- Passive: S + was/were + V3 + prep + object + ROTS
A beautiful song was sung by Rahat Fateh Ali last year.
- Active: Did + S + V1 + object + ROTS
Did you buy a grammar book last week?
- Passive: Was/Were + S + V3 + prep + object + ROTS
Was a grammar book bought by you last week?
- Active: S + did + not + V1 + object + ROTS
They did not/didn’t invite us to the party.
- Passive: S + was/were + not + V3 + prep + object + ROTS
We were not invited by them to the party.
- Active: Did not + S + V1 + object + ROTS
Didn`t they invite you to the party?
- Passive: Was/Were not + S + V3 + prep + object + ROTS
Weren`t you invited by them to the party?
- Active: WH + did + S + V1 + object + ROTS
When did you watch that movie?
- Passive: WH + was/were + subject + V3 + prep + object + ROTS
When was that movie watched by you?
- Active: They won the match yesterday
- Passive: The match was won by them yesterday.
- Active: They didn’t win the match yesterday.
- Passive: The match was not won by them yesterday.
- Active: Did they win the match yesterday?
- Passive: Was the match won by them yesterday?
- Active: Didn’t they win the match yesterday?
- Passive: Wasn’t the match won by them yesterday?