Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Progressive
Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Progressive

We learned about direct and indirect of past perfect tense. In this lesson, I am going to elaborate direct and indirect of past perfect progressive tense. You will learn how to convey a message from past perfect progressive tense. Structures for affirmative, negative, negative interrogative and interrogative sentences.

For direct and indirect speech complete rules click: Direct and indirect speech complete rules

Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Progressive

 

Tense Change:
As a rule, when we convey a message we go one tense back, but remember we have to use the same tense both in quoted and reported speech when we convey a message from past perfect progressive tense.

Affirmatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + S + had been + V1ing + ROTS
    He said, “We had been watching a movie for a while when you called me.”
  • Indirect speech: RP + that + S + had been + V1ing + ROTS
    He told me that they had been watching a movie for a while when I called him.

Negatives

  • Direct speech: PR +, S +had not + been + V1ing + ROTS
    He said to me, “We had not been watching the movie for a while when you called us.”
  • Indirect speech: PR + that + S + had not + been + V1ing + ROTS
    He told me that they had not been watching the movie for a while when I called them.

Interrogatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + had + S + been + V1ing + ROTS
    She asked, “Had he been studying hard before the final exam arrived?”
  • Indirect speech: RP + if + S + had been + V1ing + ROTS
    She asked me if he had been studying hard before the final exam arrived.

Negative interrogatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + had not + S + been + V1ing + ROTS
    She asked, “hadn’t he been studying hard before the final exam arrived?”
  • Indirect speech: RP +if + S + had not + been + V1ing + ROTS
    She asked me if he hadn’t been studying hard before the final exam arrived.

WH/Information questions

  • Direct speech: RP +, + WH + had + S + been + V1ing + ROTS
    I asked him, “Where had you been learning English for a year before coming to Learn ESL?”
  • Indirect speech: RP + WH + S + had been + V1ing + ROTS
    I wanted to know where he had been learning English for a year before coming to Learn ESL.