Direct and Indirect of Simple Future Tense
Direct and Indirect of Simple Future Tense

We talked about direct and indirect of present tenses and past tenses. In the lesson below I am going to talk about direct and indirect of simple future tense. You will learn how to convey a message from simple future tense.  Affirmative, negative, interrogative, negative interrogative and wh information questions structures along with examples.

For direct and indirect speech complete rules click: Direct and indirect speech complete rules

Direct and Indirect of Simple Future Tense

Tense Change:
As a rule, when we covey a message from present tense and past tenses, we go one tense back. When we convey a message from simple future tense, we have to change “will” into “would”.

Affirmatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + S + Will + V1 + ROTS
    He said to me, “I will get a job soon.”
  • Indirect speech: RP + that + S + would + V1 + ROTS
    He told me that he would get a job soon.

Negatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + S + will not + V1 + ROTS
    They said to me, “We will not give up.”
  • Indirect speech: RP + that + S + would not + V1 + ROTS
    They told me that they wouldn`t give up.

Interrogatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + Will + S + V1 + ROTS
    They asked, “Will you teach us the practical grammar?”
  • Indirect speech: RP + if + S + would + V1 + ROTS
    They asked me that if I would teach them the practical grammar.

Negative interrogatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + Will not + S + V1 + ROTS
    He asked, “Won`t you come with us?”
  • Indirect speech: PR + if + S + would not + V1 + ROTS
    He asked me if I wouldn’t go with them.

WH/Information questions

  • Direct speech: RP +, + WH + will + S + V1 + ROTS
    She asked, “What will you do tomorrow?”
  • Indirect speech: RP + WH + S + would + V1 + ROTS
    She wanted to know what I would do the next day.

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