Writing

Writing a Resume/ CV/ Curriculum Vita in English

Writing a Resume/ CV/ Curriculum Vita in English
Writing a Resume/ CV/ Curriculum Vita in English

Writing a Resume/ CV/ Curriculum Vita in English

Your resume isn’t your autobiography. It’s a short document, meant to show an employer that you’re a desirable candidate for an available job. Writing an effective resume presents you as a well-qualified, interesting individual who is worthy of a face-to-face interview.

Employers may receive over 100 resumes for a single job opening. While ideally each candidate would receive equal time, the fact is that employers typically sort through a pile and put the most appealing specimens at the top of the heap. Statistically, your resume has about ten to twenty seconds to either float to the top (for further analysis) or sink to the bottom (obscurity in the employer’s personnel files).

Click: Cover letter and CV to see a sample of  curriculum Vita. 

Steps to Writing a Resume

Gathering Information

Whether you’re writing a resume for one employer or several, the job of writing a resume is much easier when you take the time to put all of your information in front of you. Besides that, putting all of your information in one place gives you a handy reference to make sure that each resume you write has all the information you want to disclose to prospective employers. It also makes updating and writing new resumes easier than starting from scratch.

Resumes are divided into three sections: experience, skills, and education. Using these sections, brainstorm a list of all the data that might be pertinent to getting the job you want now and jobs you may consider in the future.

If you’re writing a resume for a specific job, put the employer’s job description at the top of the list and use it to target the specifics you’ll include in that resume. If you’re looking into positions with several different employers, you may want to write more than one resume for each individual job. Using a list helps you “slice and dice” your information, emphasizing qualities that are most relevant to each specific job.

Choosing a Resume Format

The three most common resume formats are the reverse chronological format, the skills format, and the combination format. Some resume formats conform to a specific type of employment. However, usually you’ll choose the resume format that best emphasizes your qualifications.

Although each resume format has a basic structure, you can make your resume stand out by using some simple variations and customizations.

Writing Your Resume
Begin writing your resume by choosing the style that best presents your outlined information to a prospective employer. In any kind of writing, it’s not so much what you say as how you say it and how you present your information.

  • Write your resume in active voice. Instead of saying, “I had experience in organizing ______”, simply say, “Organized ______”. Try to refrain from using the word “I” whenever you can.

When you’ve completed writing your resume draft, you’ll need to check both the mechanics and the content.

Checking Your Resume

Don’t surely rely on your spell or grammar checker to pick up resume mistakes. Automated checkers often ignore homonyms (like way and weigh) and acronyms. In addition, although a good grammar checker can help you make the right choices, it may red flag some commonly used phrases in deference to letter-perfect language.

The best way to check your resume is to get up and walk away from it after you’ve finished writing. Frequently, no matter how many times you read a sentence, you can still miss a single typo that would be glaring to another reader.

You know what you mean, but will an objective pair of eyes see your writing the same way you see it? After you’ve checked your resume draft, it’s a good idea to have someone else critique it as well to make sure that your points are as crystal clear to others as they are to you.

Writing a resume is more than compiling a catalog of your experience, skills and education. Your resume can mean more than just getting an interview for a job. A good resume is the first link in the chain that helps you cinch the perfect job and your first chance to make a good impression on a prospective employer. If it succeeds, your resume may even open the door to better job placement at a higher wage!

 Resume Writing Format

It’s easy to confuse resume format with resume style. Cut through the confusion by remembering that a resume format is a diagram. Resumes are structured into sections. The difference in resume format is where employment experience, skills, and education are placed within the resume body.

Resume sections include:

  1. Your name – Goes at the top of your resume
  2. Your address – Placed directly below your name. How you choose to place your name is a matter of the style.
  3. Resume Objective – Tells your employer what job you are applying for or whether you are submitting your resume for any job that fits your qualifications.
  4. Profile or Summary of Qualifications – Your short statement of why you feel you are an appropriate candidate for the job. This section is an optional section.
  5. Employment History – A reverse chronology of your work experience. Generally, your resume needs to list the details of only your last three positions or the last ten years of your employment experience. If you have extensive work experience, you may want to follow the employment history section with a bulleted list of additional experience, like that on the sample below.
  6. Education – Unless you are still in school or a recent graduate, your resume needs to list only 1) the name of your college or trade school, your degree, and the year of graduation and/or 2) the name of your high school and the year you graduated.
  7. Skills – Organize skills into the order they are most relevant to your job, or subdivide them into categories so that an employer can easily see what additional attributes you’ll bring to the job.
  8. Activities – Another optional section for either professional or community projects in which you participated.

Basic Resume Formats

Most employers prefer you format your resume using one of three basic methods: chronological, skills, or combination. Chronological is the most common type of resume format and most often preferred by potential employers. However, unless an employer requests a particular resume format, choose your resume format based on your resume objective and the skills and employment experiences that best highlight your qualifications for the job.

Chronological: 

The chronological resume format lists work experience first, beginning with your most recent (or current) job. After tracing your work history, the chronological format continues with your education and concludes with extra skills and interests that may contribute to your ability to perform the job.

Skills Format:

The skills resume begins with a list of skills that relate to the job for which you are applying. The skills resume format is exceptionally useful when 1) you are applying for a job in a different field than your work experience, 2) you have large gaps in your work experience or 3) you have little of no paid work experience.

The Combination or Functional Format: 

This format is useful in highlighting skills that are relevant to a particular field of work. It is best used to demonstrate improvement and achievement within a specific field of work. Two other resume formats are:

Curriculum Vitae: 

A very structured, detailed and lengthy resume format, the curriculum vitae is typically only used by educators and scientists with broad academic and professional credentials. Besides employment, education, and skills, the curriculum vitae provide prospective employers with a list of the candidate’s publications, projects, and awards. For the average job search, submission of curriculum vitae is best described as overkill.

Electronic Format:

 Generally, this is the pre-formatted resume you’ll find at online job sites or resume distribution centers. Although some sites allow moderate customizations, frequently you just need to fill in the blanks. Some electronic resumes are entered into job data banks, meaning your chance of obtaining an interview (the main purpose of resume submission) is slim.

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