How to Use So and Such
So is an adverb which means very or to this degree. We use so + adjective or adverb phrase to show the effect or result.
So + adjective/adverb + that…….
The structure (so+adjective/adverb+that…….) is used to show cause and effect or reason and result.
Subject +be + so +adjective + that + ROTS
- The weather is so cold that no one wants to go outside today.
- Our English class is so interesting that all of my classmates love it.
- My brother is so polite that everyone in our village likes him.
- My father was so angry that everyone in the family was trying to avoid him.
Subject+ verb + so+ adverb + that + ROTS
- Jamal studies so hard that he always gets the highest score in his class.
- He drives so fast that I am afraid he may have a bad accident one day.
Such is a determiner. We use such + noun phrase to talk about cause and effect or reason and result.
Remember: We use such not so, before noun even if there is an adjective before a noun. (Such + a/an/adjective + noun + that…)
Subject + be + such + a/an + adjective + noun + that + ROTS
- Jamal is such an intelligent student that his whole family is proud of him.
- A lingua is such a good system that everyone loves to join Learn ESL.
- Quetta is such a crowded city that all people hate commuting in it.
Remember: If the noun which comes after adjective is plural, the indefinite articles (a/an) are not used in the sentence.
Subject + be + such + adjective + noun + ROTS
- Americans are such brave people that none of the nations on the earth can beat them in face to face war.
- Jamal and Ali are such polite students that all teachers in our school like them.
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