Using gerunds and infinitives correctly can be complicated for ESL learners. They often mix them up and have confusion about using them in accurate circumstance. In the article below I cover Present gerund or how to use gerund for present time, but initially you need to know about gerund and difference between gerund and infinitive. I recommend you to click here to learn about gerund and then scroll down.
How to Use Gerund For Present Time
Present gerund (active form)
Structure 1: S + GV + Gerund + ROTS
- He enjoys reading religious books.
- I hate working with selfish people.
- I dislike teaching lazy students.
Structure 2: S + GV + object + Gerund + ROTS
- I dislike her coming late to class.
- You should stop him disturbing the class.
Structure 3: S + be + adjective + preposition + Gerund + ROTS
- She is excited about marrying her soul mate.
- I am interested in learning English.
Structure 4: S + VF + object + preposition + Gerund + ROTS
- He will call you after arriving.
- I met him before leaving Texas.
- I drank some green tea after teaching my class
Structure 5: S + V + preposition + Gerund + ROTS
- We always dream about buying a nice house in California.
- I work on writing a new chapter for the weak student.
Structure 6: S + (be) phrasal Verb + Gerund + ROTS
- I am looking forward to meeting you.
- She is used to driving on the left.
Present Gerund (Passive form):
Structure 1: S + GVF + being + V3 (transitive) + ROTS
- Every one dislikes being called stupid.
- He minds being fired for no reason.
- Many students appreciate being taught honestly at Learnesl.
Structure 2: S + GVF + object + being + V3 (transitive) + ROTS
- We recommend the entry test being taken before joining Learnesl.
- She prefers the dinner being eaten before the cricket match starts on TV.
Structure 3: S + be c + adjective (VC) + preposition + being + V3 (transitive) + ROTS
- I am proud of being called a linguist.
- He insisted on being told the truth.
- She complains about being disturbed.
- The students, who come from Texas University, are proud of being taught by expert teachers at Learnesl.