Learn ESL
Image default

How to Use Gerund For Present Time

How to Use Gerund For Present Time
How to Use Gerund For Present Time

Using gerunds and infinitives correctly can be complicated for ESL learners. They often mix them up and have confusion about using them in accurate circumstance. In the article below I cover Present gerund or how to use gerund for present time, but initially you need to know about gerund and difference between gerund and infinitive. I recommend you to click here to learn about gerund and then scroll down.

How to Use Gerund For Present Time

Present gerund (active form)
Structure 1: S + GV + Gerund + ROTS

  • He enjoys reading religious books.
  • I hate working with selfish people.
  • I dislike teaching lazy students.

Structure 2: S + GV + object + Gerund + ROTS

  • I dislike her coming late to class.
  • You should stop him disturbing the class.

Structure 3: S + be + adjective + preposition + Gerund + ROTS

  • She is excited about marrying her soul mate.
  • I am interested in learning English.

Structure 4: S + VF + object + preposition + Gerund + ROTS

  • He will call you after arriving. 
  • I met him before leaving Texas.
  • I drank some green tea after teaching my class

Structure 5: S + V + preposition + Gerund + ROTS

  • We always dream about buying a nice house in California.
  • I work on writing a new chapter for the weak student.

Structure 6: S + (be) phrasal Verb + Gerund + ROTS

  • I am looking forward to meeting you.
  • She is used to driving on the left.

Present Gerund (Passive form):

Structure 1: S + GVF + being + V3 (transitive) + ROTS

  • Every one dislikes being called stupid.
  • He minds being fired for no reason.
  • Many students appreciate being taught honestly at Learnesl.

Structure 2: S + GVF + object + being + V3 (transitive) + ROTS

  • We recommend the entry test being taken before joining Learnesl.
  • She prefers the dinner being eaten before the cricket match starts on TV.

Structure 3: S + be c + adjective (VC) + preposition + being + V3 (transitive) + ROTS

  • I am proud of being called a linguist.
  • He insisted on being told the truth.
  • She complains about being disturbed.
  • The students, who come from Texas University, are proud of being taught by expert teachers at Learnesl.

Related posts

All Types of Questions in English | 10 Types of Questions Uses With Exercises


Included Questions/Indirect Questions Exercises With Answers


Independent and Dependent Clauses


1 comment

Soe Aung March 13, 2020 at 10:35 pm

What are VF, Be c stand for?


Leave a Comment