This Adjective straight=away points out the person or thing concerned. The four words this, that, these and those are called demonstratives.
- I think you’ll find these more comfortable than those.
- how long have you been living in this country?
- Is that your bag?
A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that is used to point to something specific within a sentence.
These pronouns can indicate items in space or time, and they can be either singular or plural. (this, that, these, those, none, neither and such)
- This was my mother’s ring.
- These are nice sofas, but they look uncomfortable.
Demonstrative Adjectives vs Demonstrative Pronouns
Remember: If the words this, that, these and those precede a noun, they are called demonstrative adjectives, but if they are not followed by a noun, they are called demonstrative pronouns.
This: Use (this) while pointing at something singular that is located closer to you.
- What is this?
- This/It is a Marker.
That: Use (that) while pointing at something singular that is located far from you.
- What is that?
- That/It is a chair.
These: Use (these) while pointing at something plural that is located closer to you.
- What are these?
- These are my shoes.
Those: Use (those) while pointing at something plural that is located far from you.
- Whose books are those?
- Those are my books.
- Those/They are mine.
Attempt the following exercises and give the correct answers for each.
Write (DA) in front of the sentence which contains demonstrative adjective and write (DP) in front of the sentence which contains a demonstrative pronoun.
1. This is really over the top!
2. I haven’t had this kind of chili before. It’s delicious.
3. Please don’t touch these, as they are very fragile.
4. These figures seem a bit high, but I’ll concede.
5. That didn’t make any sense to me; did it to you?
6. I’ll have that one on the right, please.
7. What’s that? I’ve never seen that species before.
Fill in the blanks with the correct subject or object pronouns, the first sentence is done for you.
1. Adela loves her dad so much. ——she——–bought a very beautiful gift for——-him——–yesterday.
2. ————— am a teacher, but my brother is a doctor. ————-makes more money than I do.
3. Dubai is a beautiful country. ———is located in the continent of Asia.
4. Tom and Mike always get the highest score in their tests. ————- are very intelligent students.
5. That book is mine. Please give ——— to —————-.
6. Our teacher is very intelligent. —————–really like his teaching.
7. My best friends just got back to Dubai from a long trip today. —————would like to invite ———–
for dinner tomorrow.
8. Islam is the best religion. ———— teaches ————- peace, love and patience.
Use the correct possessive adjectives or pronouns in the blanks.
1- I studied hard for the last test, but my brother didn`t. The———– score was higher than ——————.
2- We bought a refrigerator yesterday. ————— color is red.
3- We bought a TV for $200, but our neighbors bought one for $120. ——— is better than————.
4- Can I borrow your car for today? ———– car is broken down.
5- You speak English fluently, but I can`t. ———— English is better than————–.
6- You mean everything to me. ———- love is the only purpose of ————- life.
7- If you want to love Allah, you should obey the prophet. ————- obedience is the only way
to become a lover of Holy Allah.
8- My father got a new laptop for my sister today. ——— laptop doesn’t work for some reason, and
I need to Skype with my nephew who lives in the UK; I think I will have to borrow—————–.
Determine whether the boldfaced word is a possessive adjective or a possessive pronoun in the following sentences. Write PA for possessive adjective and PP for the possessive pronoun in front of the sentence. Sentence number one is done for you.
1. His flying lesson was scheduled for Friday, July 6. PA
2. Kyle was relieved that the weekend would be his to do what he wanted.
3. My unusual way of playing the guitar fascinated my instructor.
4. Her memo said that the account would remain theirs until further notice.
5. Ours floated effortlessly down the stream, a good 50 yards from his.
6. Get your feet wet first and it’ll be downhill from there.
7. This one is mine, that one’s yours.
8. How do you know its wing is injured?
9. My laptop is more expensive than her laptop.
10. Mine is better than hers.
11. Your car is made in Japan, but our car is made in China.
12. Ours is worse than yours.