Adverb: An adverb describes (modifies) a verb, an adjective and adverb in a sentence except noun and pronoun. And adverbs often tell when, where, why, or under what conditions something happens or happened. Adverbs frequently end in -ly; however, many words and phrases not ending in -ly serve an adverbial function and -ly ending is not a guarantee that a word is an adverb. The words lovely, lonely, motherly, friendly, neighborly, for instance, are adjectives. Adverbs as like adjectives have three degrees of comparison – the positive, the comparative and the superlative. The different degrees of comparison are formed in different ways; concentrate on the rules below to know about positive, comparative and superlative adverbs in English
Positive, Comparative and Superlative Adverbs
COMPARISON OF ADVERBS
Rule 1: Short adverbs having just one syllable form the comparative and the superlative by the adding –er and –est to the positive.
|Hard (Positive)||harder (Comparative)||hardest (Superlative)|
Note that almost all adverbs which are also used as adjectives belong to this class.
Rule 2: Adverbs ending in –ly
Adverbs which end in –ly take more for the comparative and most for the superlative.
|Softly (positive)||more softly (Comparative)||most softly (Superlative)|
|Happily||more happily||most happily|
|Swiftly||more swiftly||most swiftly|
|Ably||more ably||most ably|
|Truly||more truly||most truly|
|Greedily||more greedily||most greedily|
|Efficiently||more efficiently||most efficiently|
|Certainly||more certainly||most certainly|
|Painfully||more painfully||most painfully|
|Joyfully||more joyfully||most joyfully|
EXCEPTION: The adverb early is an exception to this rule.
- Early (positive) earlier (comparative) earliest (superlative).
Rule 3: Irregular Adverbs
Some adverbs form their comparative and superlative degrees in an irregular manner:
|Far (Positive)||Farther, further (Comparative)||Farthest, furthest (Superlative)|
|Late||later (comparative)||Last, latest|
Rule 4: Un-gradable adverbs below
IMPORTANT: It should be noted that only adverbs of time, degree and manner have three degrees of comparison. Adverbs such as now, then, once, there, where, why, how, not, never, ever etc., cannot be compared and hence they do not have the three degrees of comparison.
IMPORTANT: Adverb conjunction adverb:
Two adverbs sometimes joined by the Conjunction
Again and again
- You should read good books again and again.
Far and near
- His work spread far and near.
Now and then And now and again
- I write to him now and then.
Over and over
- He needs all the Novels over and over.
Out and out
- I believe that Mr. Ali is out and out the best teacher.
To and fro
- He walked to and fro.