You might know that adjectives are words that modify a noun or a pronoun, therefore adjectives are called modifiers in English. Sometimes modifiers are used to compare two or more people, things, actions, or qualities. This is called three degrees of adjectives, In this article, we will provide you with rules to know to form and use all three degrees of adjectives correctly.
Three Degrees of Adjectives
1. The Positive Degree
The positive degree of an adjective makes no comparison.
- A tall building.
- She runs fast.
- This is a beautiful car.
2. The Comparative Degree
The comparative degree compares two people, things, actives, or qualities.
- A taller building than this one.
- She runs faster than I do.
- This car is more beautiful than yours.
3. The Superlative Degree
The superlative degree compares a person, thing, activity, or quality with the group.
- The tallest building in the town.
- She is the fastest runner among the students.
- This is the most beautiful car I have ever seen.
Rules for making comparatives and superlatives
One syllable adjectives.
1. Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative.
2. If the one-syllable adjective ends with an –e, just add –r for the comparative form and –st for the superlative form.
3. If the one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form.
1. With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.
|peaceful||more peaceful||most peaceful|
|careless||more careless||most careless|
|famous||more famous||most famous|
2. If the two-syllable adjectives ending with –y, change the y to “i” and add –er for the comparative form, and for the superlative form change the “y” to “i” and add –est.
3. Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er for the comparative form and –est to for the superlative form.
Adjectives with three or more syllables.
For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.
|beautiful||more beautiful||most beautiful|
|convenient||more convenient||most convenient|
|comfortable||more comfortable||most comfortable|
Some adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms.
Note: Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most.
|simple||simpler/more simple||simplest/most simple|
|clever||cleverer/more clever||cleverest/most clever|
|gentle||gentler/more gentle||gentlest/most gentle|
|quiet||quieter/more quiet||quietest/most quiet|
Common Mistakes With Comparisons
1. Avoid making a double comparison.
- After dinner, the orchestra began playing a series of more livelier melodies. (Incorrect)
- After dinner, the orchestra began playing a series of more lively melodies. (Correct)
- After dinner, the orchestra began playing a series of livelier melodies. (Correct)
2. Some adjectives are “absolute” and cannot be compared.
“ Absolute” Adjectives: first, last, equal and unique are adjective which cannot be compared.
- This is a unique bike. (Correct)
- This is a unique than your. (Incorrect)
3. Make sure that the items being compared are truly comparable. If not, reword as necessary.
- The tropical fish found in the Caribbean are less colorful and varied than the South Pacific. (Incorrect)
- The tropical fish found in the Caribbean are less colorful and varied than the fish found in the South Pacific. (Correct)
When you learned about three degrees of adjectives then attempt the exercises of this lesson.
Now you are an expert in using adjectives and creating interesting comparisons. Write your feedback down about three degrees of adjectives. Otherwise, if you don’t have any time for English essay writing, don’t lose your chance to try SmartWritingService, an essay writing service you can fully rely upon.