Grammar

Reduction of an Adjective Clause to an Adjective Phrase

Reduction of an Adjective Clause to an Adjective Phrase
Reduction of an Adjective Clause to an Adjective Phrase

Reduction of an Adjective Clause to an Adjective Phrase

The reduction of an adjective clause to an adjective phrase is possible. Consider the rules and examples below. 

1- If the relative pronoun is followed by be+ Verb ing. (subjective case)

  • The boy who is standing in front of the academy is one of the most intelligent students.
  • The boy standing in front of the academy is one of the most intelligent students.

2- If the relative pronoun is followed by V2/will + V1.

  • The man who came to the party was from El Paso.
  • The man coming to the party was from El Paso.
  • The girl who will get admission at Learn ESL next week has five brothers.
  • The girl getting admission at Learn ESL next week has five brothers.

3- If the relative pronoun is followed by be + Verb3 (transitive verb).

  • The explanation which is given in this book is outstanding.
  • The explanation given in this book is outstanding.

4- If the relative pronoun is followed by be + some specific adjectives.

  • He is the student who is responsible for making a trouble in the class.
  • He is the student responsible for making a trouble in the class.

5- If the relative pronoun is followed by be + preposition.

  • The books that are on that table are mine.
  • The books on that table are mine.

6- If the relative pronoun is followed by some specific verbs. (commonly state verbs)

  • Learn ESL has a system which consists of 18 books and chapters.
  • Learn ESL has a system consisting of 18 books and chapters.
  • Anyone who needs to improve their English should join Learn ESL.
  • Anyone needing to improve their English should join Learn ESL.

7- If the relative pronoun is followed by be + a/an + adjective + common noun

  • Hafiz, who was a great lover of Allah, lived in Afghanistan.
  • Hafiz, a great lover of Allah, lived in Afghanistan.

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4 comments

Buzurg October 18, 2018 at 12:32 pm

Useful Thank you.

Reply
BISMO October 18, 2018 at 12:34 pm

Welcome, Buzurg.

Reply
Ali October 23, 2018 at 3:05 pm

hello,
how to reduce this:
a woman who had been given the opportunity to study was killed.

Reply
Sunny March 12, 2019 at 12:31 pm

a woman having been given the opportunity was killed.

Reply

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