Transition Words and Phrases
- and not only . . .
- but also
- moreover (more formal)
- furthermore (more formal) in
- addition (more formal)
- We have seen the movie twice, and now we want to see it again.
- Not only did my brother break his leg, but he also bruised his rib.
- My friend speaks Korean and English. She also speaks Chinese.
- Cheating is dishonest. Moreover, it hinders students from learning.
- Students should be on time. Furthermore, they must be prepared.
- You must complete this essay by 5 p.m. In addition, you must do the exercises on page 47.
- for example
- for instance
- in particular
- The first (second, another, etc.) example/reason is . . .
- I have been to many countries. For example, I have been to Russia, Canada, Mexico, and Spain.
- He often eats strange foods. For instance, he once ate cow brains.
- I like to travel. Specifically, I enjoy places with old cathedrals.
- I love fruit. In particular, I like bananas, pineapple, and berries.
- My friend hates skiing for several reasons. The first reason is that she dislikes being cold. Another reason is that she often falls.
|Showing a Contrast
- on the other hand
- in contrast (more formal)
- Bill earned an A on his essay,but Susan got a B.
- We wanted to leave at 8:00. However, Mike arrived too late.
- She hates housecleaning. On the other hand, she doesn’t mind cooking.
- Students should attend class. Otherwise, they may lose their status.
- I am not going out tonight. Instead, I will stay home and watch a video.
- Women usually enjoy shopping. In contrast, men often dislike it.
|Showing a Concession
- nevertheless (more formal)
- even so
- even though
- despite the fact that . . .
- He knows that he should do his homework, yet he never does it.
- I need to wear reading glasses. Nevertheless, I hate how I look in them.
- I know you don’t like to study. Even so, you must pass your exam.
- There are many benefits to exercising. However, you must take some precautions to avoid injury.
- Even though the book is difficult to read, it is very interesting.
- Although the book is difficult to read, it is very interesting.
- Despite the fact that Kate is good at tennis, she lost the match.
- Despite Kate’s skill at tennis, she lost the match.
|Showing a Similarity
- likewise (more formal)
- similarly (more formal)
- in the same way
- Math was hard for me in high school. Likewise, it is hard in college.
- Houseplants require much care and attention. Similarly, outdoor plants must be cared for properly.
- Rock climbing takes much practice and skill. In the same way, learning to write well requires a great deal of practice.
|Showing a Result
- as a result
- thus (more formal)
- as a consequence
- consequently (more formal)
- Janet passed her exam, so she is very happy.
- Tim was late. As a result, we could not go to the concert.
- James is not feeling well. Therefore, he will not be here today.
- The committee voted against the proposal. Thus, we must consider another idea.
- I forgot that the cake was in the oven. As a consequence, it burned.
- Tina lost her keys. Consequently, she could not drive home.
|Establishing Time Relation or Sequence
- in conclusion
- in summary
- First, I think that she is studying hard.
- Second, I believe that she is a bright student.
- Finally, I know that she has great potential.
- In conclusion, I feel that she deserves to win the scholarship.
- In summary, we should offer her some financial help.
- Jeff was working hard to clean the house. Meanwhile, his brother was watching television.
|Showing a Condition
- whether . . . or
- if . . . (then)
- I must study hard, or I will fail my exam.
- Whether you are coming or not, I am still going to Amy’s party.
- If you want to get good grades, then you must do your homework.
|Explaining or Emphasizing
- in fact
- in other words
- namely (more formal)
- The bookstore sells cards. In fact, they have the best cards around.
- James is actually the first person I have known who has been to Africa.
- He was late to class again. In other words, he didn’t wake up on time.
- The plan needed only two things to succeed—namely, time and money.
|Giving an Alternative
- either . . . or
- neither . . . nor (more formal)
- We can go to the beach, or we can go to the mountains.
- You can either ride the bus or walk to my apartment.
- I like neither that person nor his brother.