Grammar

Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense

Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense
Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense

Learn how to convey a message what someone has said, felt or thought in present perfect tense. Direct and indirect speech of present perfect tense along with structures and examples for affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences.

For direct and indirect speech complete rules click: Direct and indirect speech complete rules

Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense

Tense Change
As a rule, when you report something that someone has said you go back a tense, therefore, when we report what someone has said we go one tense back. Instead we use past perfect tense in reported speech instead of present perfect tense.

Affirmatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + S + have/has (adverb) + V3 + ROTS
    You said, “I have never been to Iran.”
  • Indirect speech: RP + that + S + had + (adverb) + V3 + ROTS
    You told me that you had never been to Iran

Negatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + S + have/has (adverb) + not + V3 + ROTS
    They said, “We have not committed any crime.”
  • Indirect speech: RP + that + S + had (adverb) + not + V3 + ROTS
    They said that they had not committed any crime.

Interrogatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + have/has (adverb) + S +V3 + ROTS
    She asked, “Has your brother learned English at Learn ESL?”
  • Indirect speech: RP + if + S + had + V3 + ROTS
    She asked me if my brother had learned English at Learn ESL.

Negative interrogatives

  • Direct speech: RP +, + have/has not + S + V3 + ROTS
    He asked, “Haven`t they left yet?”
  • Indirect speech: RP + if + S +had not + V3 + ROTS
    He asked me if they hadn`t left yet.

WH/Information questions

  • Direct speech: RP +, + WH + have/has + S + V3 + ROTS
    She asked, “Where have you been these days?”
  • Indirect speech: RP + WH + S + had + V3 + ROTS
    She wanted to know where I had been those days.

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Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers

If you would like to know more about direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech, check out more in the given links below.

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3 comments

jia February 18, 2018 at 7:39 pm

this is very helpful!

Reply
Md. Murshidul Islam April 3, 2018 at 10:54 am

Well, this is quite a resourceful one.

Reply
BISMO April 3, 2018 at 12:28 pm

Thank You.

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