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How to Write a Thesis Paper Step by Step

Before you get your degree from college, you must write tons of different papers. A thesis paper is one of them. Basically, a college thesis is proof of a student’s hard work and achievements during his time in college. Because in the final year of college, students are asked to choose a particular topic that shows how much he has understood the field. With that being said, follow the steps below to learn how to write a thesis paper.

What is a Thesis Paper?

There is no doubt that writing a thesis paper in undergraduate or graduate school may be both intimidating and incredibly fulfilling. This is especially true when you are truly passionate about the topic you are researching. Besides, before one starts learning how to write a thesis paper, one should be clear about what a thesis paper is.

A thesis paper is a lengthy essay that raises a compelling research issue and provides an adequate response. Along with an introduction that gives background information on the subject you are researching, you will also compose a thesis statement that expresses your opinion on the subject.

For instance, you may address a topic like marijuana legalization or gun control in your thesis paper. Then, rationally give data to back up your position. You have to keep in mind that teachers expect more from their pupils than just copying what previous authors have written.

Besides, finding your own voice and presenting unique thoughts that are supported by reliable facts and verified data are key components of writing. Therefore, writing a thesis paper also aids in honing your analytical abilities. Once you get going, you can even find the study process enjoyable and thrilling.

Difference between a Thesis and Dissertation paper

Are you struggling to sort out the endless ambiguity between a thesis and a dissertation? It is indeed a never-ending confusion. Besides, you must write a thesis, dissertation, or research paper when you attend graduate school or pursue a Ph.D. degree. Therefore, it is crucial to learn how are these two different papers. Or are they really different papers?

To answer your questions, here are a few differences between a thesis and a dissertation paper.

  • To write a thesis, you need to collect valid information. On the other hand, you have to perform research by yourself to be able to write a dissertation paper.
  • The thesis is generally a short paper, therefore, takes less time to complete. On the other hand, the dissertation paper takes more time because it is a long paper.
  • For a dissertation paper, you need sufficient knowledge to draw a conclusion. But for a thesis, including a hypothesis based on your research work is enough.
  • In a thesis paper, the writer must concentrate on the main argument to prove his standpoint. While for a dissertation, you need to focus more on the background work.
  • A thesis paper is similar to a research paper while you can say that a dissertation paper is an academic book.
  • Moreover, if you complete a thesis, you get higher grades. However, you must write a dissertation paper to get your degree.

How to Write a Dissertation Paper -The Step by Step Guide

The Structure of a Thesis Paper

How to Write a Thesis Paper

Before we learn how to write a thesis paper, let us learn what a thesis paper is consist of. The components of a thesis paper may differ from paper to paper which totally depends on the content of your paper. Nevertheless, a traditional thesis paper includes the following components.

  • Title Page
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content
  • Table of Figure
  • Table of Tables and Graphs
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussions
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References

Title Page

The title page is the first element of your thesis. It includes the author’s name, name of the institution and department, date of submission, name of the research supervisor, and the supervisor’s email address.


The abstract is a brief summary of your thesis. It is advised to write it last after everything else has been completed.
A strong abstract briefly highlights the significance of the paper. The summary of your main findings is then provided, ideally in the form of numbers with margins of error. Moreover, a good abstract is always concise, quantifiable, and relatable.

Moreover, here are a few things that you want to know about abstracts.

  • The abstract of your thesis should be 1 to 2 paragraphs long and approximately 400 words.
  • Generally, it does not need citations.
  • The information in the title of your thesis should not be repeated in the abstract.

Table of Contents, Figure, and Tables or Graphs

In this section, all the headings and subheadings are listed with page numbers. The subheadings are indented. The table of content is then followed by the table of figures. It lists the page numbers of all figures. Lastly, page numbers of all the tables and graphs are included to help the reader navigate through your paper easily.


The introduction part of your thesis begins with a hook. This is a declaration of an important/interesting scientific topic that your work either answers or addresses. It should be fascinating enough to entice the reader to read the rest of the paper. The goal is to captivate the reader and compel them to read the rest of the essay.

The introduction’s next sentences need to reference earlier studies in this field. It must list both the original thinkers of the notion or ideas as well as the authors of the most current, pertinent work. Then, you could elaborate on why the additional effort was required (your work, of course).

Moreover, the introductory section of your thesis paper should state the following things.

  • An explanation of your paper’s purpose, including the motivation for the study or the writing of the article.
  • A sufficient amount of previous knowledge to help the reader comprehend the context and importance of the topic you are attempting to answer.
  • Recognition of the earlier work on which you are basing your work. Also, include enough citations to enable a reader to gain a thorough understanding of the question’s relevance and background.
  • Moreover, be sure to include a verbal road map to guide your reader through your paper.

In addition, we believe that one can not write a strong introduction until he knows what the body of his paper says. Therefore, we recommend that you should write the introduction later like the abstract. Also, remember that the introduction is not a review of anything. So, make sure that it sounds original and authentic enough.

How to Write a Ph.D. Research Proposal


The methodology chapter describes the techniques you select to collect data and how the data is processed. Besides, it provides justification for your methodology choice too. It demonstrates how your selection of the design and research methodologies is appropriate to address your research issue.

Also, do not forget to describe the drawbacks of your strategy and how you have attempted to avoid them. Because discussing your study’s shortcomings might increase your credibility by demonstrating to the reader that you are cognizant of the study’s limits.


What you discovered as a result of your research questions or hypotheses is described in the results chapter. Usually, it only includes the research’s facts because the analysis is often found in the discussion chapter. Moreover, use tables and graphs to properly show your data, especially when summarizing. And to be consistent in your reporting style to improve your results chapter.

In addition, to make it easier for the reader to assess and contrast the facts, keep to a single format.


The analysis and interpretation of the data you acquired are included in the discussion chapter along with comments on your findings and an explanation of what they signify.

This is your chance to demonstrate that you are aware of your results and their importance. Mention the limits of your study, give reasons for unexpected outcomes, and list any open questions.


Your most crucial chapter is most likely this one. In this section, you should emphasize the accomplishment of your research goals and the benefits your work has brought to all parties involved. You should highlight your study’s limits in this chapter since doing so will help your thesis be more solidly supported. Moreover, here, you may share your own insights and provide ideas for ongoing study.

Furthermore, remember to double-check that you have clearly addressed all of your research questions and hypotheses in this chapter. Your thesis should neatly wrap up in the conclusions chapter and clearly outline the steps you took, the outcomes you obtained, and the lessons you learned.


In this section, give credit to any advisor who has helped you during your research. The help can be technical, intellectual, or financial.


Lastly, cite all the concepts, ideas, texts, and data that you have not personally worked on. To cite an author, use their surname followed by the date of their work’s publication. Moreover, avoid using footnotes.

How to Write a Thesis Paper Step by Step

Step 1: Taking Basic Preps

How to Write a Thesis Paper

The first step of learning how to write a thesis paper is to take basic preparations. There are a few things that you should do before you start writing your thesis paper. It includes reading the instructions that your professor might have given you, asking your professors or your seniors for some suggestions, and reading journals, others’ thesis papers, or articles to figure out what you want to write about.

Because it is important to think carefully about the topic of your thesis before writing it. Do you have any areas in your field you’d want to go more into? Your thesis research forms a crucial part of its basis.

So, give yourself enough time to gather adequate evidence to back up your main point. Besides, making a research strategy and managing your time are two things a couple of important things that you should do before starting writing your thesis.

Step 2: Drafting Your Thesis Statement

The majority of undergraduate thesis research starts with a question. So, consider the subjects and concepts you have learned about while earning your degree. In your field, is there a question that hasn’t received enough attention? Is there a subject that has kept your interest and needs additional investigation?

You should read all you can about the subject while keeping this question in mind. Besides, you can ask a college librarian for help because they will be able to provide you with the information you need and direct you to the resources that will best serve your study.

In addition to conducting an internet search, reading academic books, journals, and databases can be highly beneficial.

After all, the more data you acquire at this preliminary drafting stage, the simpler it will be to formulate your argument. What is the subject of your paper, as stated in your thesis statement? Your viewers will be able to swiftly understand what you’re attempting to show if you can express your argument or assertion in your thesis statement in a clear and concise manner.

How to Write a Thesis Statement in English

Step 3: Making an Outline

How to Write a Thesis Paper

Making an outline is crucial to make sure that you stay organized while writing your thesis. Because there are so many thoughts and facts swimming about. Moreover, outlines are tremendously helpful tools for arranging your thesis, which will likely be the longest and most detailed document you’ve ever written, even if your professor hasn’t requested one.

In a traditional thesis paper, there is an introduction and a conclusion in every academic essay. Normally, your thesis will be stated towards the conclusion of your introduction. Your supporting arguments will be in the paragraphs that follow. But it’s crucial that your argument flows naturally.

So, plan out the topic for each paragraph or part as you structure your outline. Besides, make sure that each topic advances your argument and supports your thesis statement. Also, be aware that your outline is only a beginning point. And it is likely to change as you start to research and begin writing.

Step 4: Research and Gather Supporting Facts

One of the most important steps of learning how to write a thesis paper is to understand the role of researching before you start writing your thesis paper.

So, you are prepared to begin the process of producing your supporting evidence once you have defined your framework and thesis statement. You must persuasively defend your positions in order for your dissertation to be successful. And the best method to accomplish this is by using verifiable data.

Hence, invest some time in a thorough study of your subject. Choosing between 15 and 20 sources is a decent guideline at this point.

Besides, based on your outline, you may connect supporting information to specific parts of your work as you conduct research. The more evidence you gather, the more prepared you’ll be to support your arguments with reasoning based on facts, which will strengthen your entire case.

Step 5: Start Writing Your Thesis

It’s time to begin writing at this stage. Get the main points of the argument down first, and then worry about editing. Besides, don’t spend too much time trying to find the right words for each line. Because perfectionism won’t help your writing. It will simply slow you down.

Because it is critical to keep in mind that a strong argument has a clear and arguable point. So, your phrases have to be direct, succinct, and precise. In addition, your thesis will become more compelling by paying attention to structure and the way your ideas connect with one another.

When writing, bear in mind that a powerful argument respects alternative arguments in addition to being centered on a compelling premise. And you may improve your thesis by foreseeing the objections. After all, there is always a response to any argument.

If not, your thesis can be an opinion rather than a convincing argument.

Step 6: Review and Edit

The last step of learning how to write a thesis paper is to review and edit your paper. Then, make the required changes.

So, spend some time editing your thesis. As you rewrite, reassess your ideas, look for areas where you can make them stronger, and fill in any holes. Moreover, include citations. Because citing your sources gives them authority and guarantees that you are not plagiarising the ideas of other academics.

Moreover, do not forget to check your paper to make sure that there are not any grammar or spelling mistakes. There are tons of online tools that you can use to do so. For instance, you can use Grammarly to check grammar and spelling mistakes. Besides, it will also help you check the plagiarism in your paper.

Best Grammar Checker in 2022 – Grammarly

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