Whether you are a student of a school, college or university, writing is a must skill you have to focus and give priority to, also writing skill is required in many contexts throughout life. Initially, starting from an application and letter writing from primary school to essay writing, academic writing, term paper, research paper, creative writing and many more. All of these writing types follow their own rules and structures. In this article, you will learn about 5 general qualities of the best academic writing and different concepts, techniques, and strategies related to the field of academic writing in English.
Before going to tell you about academic writing, I am going to give a brief introduction to the question of what is Academic English?
What is Academic English?
According to Dr. Karen Howell of the Cambridge University Language Center at it’s most basic Academic English is the variety of the English language that we use to share research.
Research refers to the process of answering a research question by creating an argument that is supported through critical analysis and the use of evidence. We use academic English to reach a wide general academic audience in an attempt to persuade them that the argument we have created to answer our research question is an effective one.
There are two varieties of Academic English: 1. Spoken Academic English 2. Written Academic English.
What is Academic Writing?
When most people think of Academic writing, they think of a thesis paper composed by graduate students and research articles written by professional scholars. While these are two great examples of academic writing, the concept can be applied more generally to include a much wider variety of tasks and objectives.
As I mentioned above, Academic English is the variety of English used to convey research, so Academic Writing is the variety of Academic English used to convey research in writing. Indeed, this means that there are many different kinds of academic writing. From literature reviews to research papers to abstracts and lab reports.
While trying to compare and contrast all the many different types of Academic writing is a tall order and the most important thing to remember is that generally, each kind of academic writing has its own rules and conventions.
Moreover, It’s important to identify the rules and expectations for a particular type of writing before starting to write. The rules and expectations for different types of academic writing will be discussed in later articles, but initially, you have to know about the characteristics of academic writing.
What are the General Characteristics of Academic Writing?
Characteristics of a piece of academic writing may differ depending on the type, but there are few traits that are common to most academic writing.
5 General Qualities of The Best Academic Writing
1. Academic Writing Starts With focused and Specific Questions
First, there are focused and specific expectations when producing a piece of academic writing. Academic writing is used to answer the research questions. These questions are either provided by a course instructor or developed by the writer or researcher. So, good academic writing starts with focused and specific questions to be answered.
2. Emphasizes Logical Reasoning
Academic writing emphasizes logical reasoning over-emotional or sensory perceptions. Facts are more important than feelings, writing clearly means thinking clearly and so effective academic writing demonstrates clear critical thinking and the ability to make arguments stronger by supporting them with evidence.
3. Academic Writing Must be Clear
Academic Writing must be clear. English is both a low context and reader responsible language, it means readers will depend on what’s been written and believe it is the writer’s job to make his or her arguments as comprehensible as possible.
4. Academic Writing Must be Coherent
Academic writing must be coherent. This means that there are logical connections between sentences. One way to do this is to begin sentences with information that relates back to the previous sentences. It also means that paragraphs are unified around the single idea and that all the information included in a piece of writing helps to create an effective argument used to answer the research question.
5. Follows The Following Steps
Finally, the most effective academic writing follows a process. While each writer will eventually develop his or her unique process. But, there are a few steps that most people follow when producing a piece of academic writing.
These steps include:
Steps in The Writing Process
1. Analyzing the task
This involves clarifying your purpose for writing and Identifying your target audience.
2. Planning Your Argument
Secondly, you need to develop the main claim and decide how you will support this claim using evidence.
This is necessary in order to gather quality fact-based objective evidence that you need to create the argument you will use to support your main claim.
4. Start And Engage in The Writing And Drafting Process
No good writing is done overnight, It’s important to produce multiple drafts and to both edit and proofread your writing. While it’s important to consider things like punctuation and proper spelling, it’s even more important to see how well you have structured your argument and the information in your writing. To do this, it’s a good idea to ask for comments from peers and colleagues.
Why is Academic Writing Important?
There are many benefits of investing your time and energy in becoming a proficient academic writer. Academic writing is an important skill to master for a wide variety of professional and personal reasons.
Initially, it allows writers to make individual contributions to the ongoing dialogues in their fields and it allows individuals a greate voice and ability to participate in conversations about topics important to them.
Additionally, by mastering the skills necessary to become an effective academic writer, a person also becomes an effective researcher and critical thinker. Finally, academic writing is a marketable skill that improves one’s professional qualifications and makes one more attractive candidate for potential employers.
We see that academic writing is about much more than just the act of writing which is itself not simply a skill but a collection of skills. In addition to putting your thoughts on the page, effective academic writing involves critical thinking, the ability to create convincing arguments and good research skills.
I hope this article helped to improve your understanding of what academic writing is and the 5 general qualities of the best Academic Writing. Additionally, if you have any questions or need any help in your academic writing assignments, please feel free to comment them using the comment section below then we will find a solution for them.